Oral bony outgrowths: Prevalence and genetic factor influence. Study of twins.
The aim of the study was to verify the influence of a genetic factor on the etiology of oral bony outgrowths and to determine the prevalence and type of oral bony outgrowths (tori and exostoses) among a group of Lithuanian twins.
In total, 162 twins (81 twin pairs) were analyzed for the presence or absence, type, and size of oral bony outgrowths. Statistical analysis was carried out to find the prevalence of bony protuberances and the relationship between zygosity and occurrence of oral bony enlargements. Zygosity of twins was confirmed by DNA analysis.
59.9% of the subjects had oral bony outgrowths. Mandibular tori were found in 56.8% and palatal tori in 1.8% of the sample. Palatal exostoses and mandibular exostoses were present in 1.8% and 3.1% of the sample, respectively, whereas maxillary exostoses were not found. A higher percentage of tori and exostoses were found in the group of older subjects (>18 years old, p=0.025). No significant difference was found between men and women in the prevalence of bony outgrowths. High κ and r values (0.91±0.062) showed very good concordance of oral bony outgrowths between monozygotic and moderate concordance (0.58±0.141) between dizygotic co-twins (p<0.001). The calculation of heritability estimate verifies dominant influence of genetic factor on the etiology of oral bony outgrowths (h(2)=0.658).
The most common bony outgrowth was torus mandibularis. Our results show that the genetic factor is dominant in the etiology of oral bony outgrowths.
Correspondence to A. Auškalnis Department of Dental and Oral Diseases, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eivenių 2, Kaunas, Lithuania. E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 24 March 2015, accepted 14 July 2015, available online 29 July 2015.