Long-term follow-up of children with typical hemolytic uremic syndrome
The aim of the study was to determine the associations of the acute period course with late-emerging sequelae in children with typical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS).
Materials and methods
The data of 62 children with typical HUS during the acute phase were retrospectively analyzed by age, sex, duration of anuria/oliguria, method and duration of renal replacement therapy, proteinuria, hypertension, and renal function. The data of 33 children at 10-year follow-up after the onset of the disease were evaluated for changes in hypertension, proteinuria, and renal function.
In the acute phase of the disease (n = 62), hypertension was documented in 75.8% of the children; proteinuria, in 85.5%; and renal dysfunction, in 100%. At 10 years after the onset of the disease (n = 33), hypertension was documented in 12.1%, 6.1%, and 24.2% at 1-, 5-, and ≥10-year follow-ups, respectively, and more often in children aged <1 year at the onset of the disease. Proteinuria was found in 15.2%, 9.1%, and 33.3% of the patients, respectively. After ≥10 years, hypertension developed for the first time in 6.1% of the patients. Renal injury of varying degrees was seen in 15.2% of the children at the 1-year follow-up, and after ≥10 years the proportion increased to 33.3%.
At 10 years after the acute phase of typical HUS in children, the prevalence of hypertension and proteinuria at 1- and 5-year follow-ups decreased, but after 10 years it started to increase. As much as 6.1% of the children developed hypertension or proteinuria for the first time at 10 years. Hypertension was documented more frequently in children who were younger than <1 year at the onset of the disease. Renal dysfunction after 5 and 10 years remained in more than one-third of cases, and it was observed more often if hypertension was documented at the acute period.
Received 18 June 2014, accepted 14 April 2015.