Cesarean section rates in Lithuania using Robson Ten Group Classification System.
The aim of this study was to analyze cesarean section (CS) rates using Robson Ten Group Classification System (TGCS) and to identify the main contributors to the overall CS rate in Lithuania. A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out. All women who delivered between January 1 and December 31, 2012, in Lithuania were classified using the TGCS. The CS rates overall and in each Robson group were calculated, as was the contribution of each group to the overall CS rate. The CS rate was 26.4% (6697 among 25,373 deliveries) in 2012. Nulliparous women with single cephalic full-term pregnancy in spontaneous labor (Group 1) or who underwent induction of labor or prelabor CS (Group 2) and multiparous women with a previous CS (Group 5) were the greatest contributors (67.7%) to the overall CS rate. In addition, significant variation of CS rates between different institutions was observed, especially in women with single cephalic full-term pregnancy without previous CS (Groups 1-4), showing big differences in obstetric care across country. Women in Groups 1, 2 and 5 were the largest contributions to the overall CS rate in Lithuania. It seems that efforts to reduce the overall CS rate should be directed on increasing vaginal birth after CS and reducing CS rates in nulliparous women with single cephalic full-term pregnancy (Groups 1 and 2).
Correspondence to E. Barčaitė Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eivenių 2, 50161 Kaunas, Lithuania. E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 7 July 2014, accepted 27 August 2015, available online 14 September 2015.