Osteosynthesis of the clavicle after osteotomy in brachial plexus surgery: A biomechanical cadaver study.
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the biomechanical effects of locking plate superior and anteroinferior positioning on the osteosynthesis of the clavicles osteotomized obliquely. Ten matched pairs of fresh cadaveric clavicles osteotomized through the mid-shaft obliquely were repaired with a titanium 7-hole 3.5-mm reconstruction locking plate in the superior or the anteroinferior position. The maximal failure loads and the displacement of the specimens at 166N, 183N, 203N loads were recorded by the machine in 3-point cantilever bending. Bending failure stiffness was calculated between 10-150N and 151N to maximal bending failure loads. The mean maximal failure load was 396.2N (SD, 117.3) for superior constructs and 220.1N (SD, 51.1) for anteroinferior one (P<0.05). There was significant difference in displacement between superior and anteroinferior plated specimens at 183N (6.3 [SD, 2] vs. 9.9 [SD, 3.6]) and 203N (6.4 [SD, 0.6] vs. 11.7 [SD, 6.6]) loads; P<0.05). Mean bending failure stiffness between 151N and maximal loads was 22.6N/mm (SD, 13.2) for superior plates and 11N/mm (SD, 9) for anteroinferior plated clavicles (P<0.05). The superior plating of obliquely osteotomized clavicles with the titanium 7-hole 3.5-mm locking reconstruction plate had a significantly greater biomechanical stability at fixed loads of 183N and 203N than the anteroinferior plating in the inferior directed cantilever bending. The superior plating osteosynthesis exhibited a significantly greater stiffness from 151N to maximal bending failure loads as well.
Correspondence to E. Kontautas Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Eivenių 2, 50161 Kaunas, Lithuania. E-mail address: email@example.com
Received 15 May 2014, accepted 19 February 2015, available online 25 March 2015.