Medicina (Kaunas) 2007; 43 (7): 529-541
Relationship of arterial wall parameters to cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular risk assessed by SCORE system
Milda Kovaitė1, 2, Žaneta Petrulionienė1, 2, Ligita Ryliškytė1, 2, Jolita Badarienė2, Alma Čypienė2, Vilma Dženkevičiūtė2, Aleksandras Laucevičius1, 2
1Clinic of Cardiovascular Disease, Vilnius University, 2Center of Cardiology and Angiology, Santariškės Clinics of Vilnius University Hospital, Lithuania
Key words: cardiovascular risk; atherosclerosis; arterial wall parameters.
Summary. Objective. To investigate the relationship of arterial wall parameters (flow-mediated dilatation of the brachial artery, augmentation index, pulse wave velocity, stiffness index, carotid intima-media thickness) to conventional cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular risk assessed by SCORE system.
Material and methods. A total of 209 subjects aged 4065 years without clinically overt cardiovascular disease were examined. Parameters of arterial stiffness were obtained by two methods: augmentation index and carotid-radial pulse wave velocity by applanation tonometry and stiffness index by the means of finger photoplethysmography. Flow-mediated dilatation of the brachial artery, reflecting endothelial function, and carotid intima-media thickness was determined using a high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography.
Results. Age and the presence of diabetes strongly influenced all parameters of the arterial wall (diabetes was not independent predictor when evaluating augmentation index). Mean arterial pressure and gender were independent predictors for arterial stiffness parameters carotid-radial pulse wave velocity and augmentation index. Flow-mediated dilatation was strongly dependent on the diameter of the brachial artery, age, and body mass index. Using logistic regression, it was found that pulse wave velocity (P=0.014), intima-media thickness (P=0.004), and flow-mediated dilatation (P=0.020) were important parameters dividing subjects to the groups of increased (≥5%) and low (<5%) cardiovascular risk assessed by SCORE system. The cutoff values for intima-media thickness and pulse wave velocity were 0.078 cm and 8.95 m/s, respectively.
Conclusions. Arterial wall parameters are closely associated with conventional risk factors; they are influenced by age and the presence of diabetes. Arterial stiffness parameters are also influenced by mean arterial pressure; high-density lipoprotein cholesterol has influence on carotid intima-media thickness. Cutoff values for carotid intima-media thickness and carotid-radial pulse wave velocity could help to discriminate patients with increased cardiovascular risk.
Correspondence to M. Kovaitė, Center of Cardiology and Angiology, Santariškės Clinics of Vilnius University Hospital, Santariškių 2, 08661 Vilnius, Lithuania. E-mail: email@example.com
Received 30 April 2007, accepted 12 June 2007