Evaluation of hydration status calculated from differences in venous and capillary plasma dilution during stepwise crystalloid infusions: A randomized crossover study in healthy volunteers.
A mini volume loading test (mVLT) was proposed for estimating hydration status and interstitial fluid accumulation during stepwise infusion of crystalloids. The method is based on both the transcapillary reflux model and the hypothesis that when subjects are dehydrated, venous plasma dilution induced by a fluid challenge is higher than in the capillaries, and that difference is diminished when the fluid challenge is given to more hydrated individuals. Our objective was to test that hypothesis by evaluating the veno-capillary dilution difference during mVLT in subjects with different hydration status.
In a prospective randomized crossover study, three mini fluid challenges were given to 12 healthy volunteers on two occasions. The subjects were either dehydrated or hydrated before the experiments.
In dehydrated subjects only, capillary plasma dilution was significantly lower than venous (P=0.015, 0.005 and 0.006) after each mini fluid challenge.
Veno-capillary dilution difference during mVLT depends on the hydration status. The mVLT method could possibly discriminate between the different states of hydration.
Correspondence to A. Andrijauskas Clinic of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Šiltnamių 2, 04130 Vilnius, Lithuania. E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received 11 April 2014, accepted 7 August 2014, available online 1 October 2014.